Global Research and Education Networks Collaborate to Connect the Asia Pacific Oceania Region

The Asia Pacific Oceania network (APOnet) collaboration will connect East Asia, Southeast Asia, Oceania, and North America.

Eleven global leading-edge research and education networks in North America, East Asia, Southeast Asia, and Oceania are collaborating to improve high-speed network services in the Asia Pacific Oceania region. 

The Asia Pacific Oceania network (APOnet) collaboration will connect East Asia, Southeast Asia, Oceania, and North America. The networks and organisations involved are: 

  • Australia’s Academic and Research Network (AARNet),

  • Arterial Research and Educational Network in Asia-Pacific (ARENA-PAC),

  • University Corporation for Advanced Internet Development d/b/a (Internet2),

  • Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information (KISTI),

  • National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT),

  • National Institute of Informatics (NII),

  • Singapore Advanced Research and Education Network (SingAREN),

  • Pacific Wave, a project of CENIC (Corporation for Education Network Initiatives in California) and PNWGP (Pacific NorthWest GigaPop),

  • Research and Education Advanced Network New Zealand (REANNZ),

  • TransPAC, part of the International Networks at Indiana University (IN@IU) portfolio, and

  • University of Hawaii (UH).

These 11 research and education networks support important multidisciplinary discoveries made by teams of experts spread around the world, collaborating and sharing data and scientific instruments across national boundaries. Explosive growth in the resolution of sensors and scientific instruments, very high-resolution imagery and video, coupled with global scale instruments, has led to unprecedented volumes of experimental data. 

To support these multinational collaborations and associated data requirements, these global research and education networks will contribute resources that together can be managed to create a high-speed trans-oceanic network services delivery system that is more resilient, flexible, and consistent than any individual network on its own. The intent is to elevate the services available for research and education across all of the collaborating networks. 

The scope of this collaboration includes enabling multiple paths between R&E networks, providing backup connectivity in case of network outages, coordination of engineering and management activities, cooperative deployment of emerging network technologies and services, experimentation and development of applications with high-bandwidth demands, support for shared routing practices, and sharing of measurement data. 

“For more than 20 years, Indiana University has been committed to supporting research between the United States and partners in the Asia-Pacific region through our TransPAC initiative. The new Asia Pacific Oceania network (APOnet) builds on our decades of experience in this realm, and I’m confident it will enable even more multidisciplinary discoveries as teams of experts will be able to collaborate and share data and scientific instruments across national boundaries,” said Dr. Jennifer Schopf, Director of International Networks at Indiana University and Lead Coordinator for APOnet.  “We at IU are thrilled to get started on the important work of APOnet, and to see where our new, formalized partnership leads - and how it will benefit humankind.” 

“Operating in one of the more remote countries in the world, AARNet has always valued working closely with our NREN partners to support ground-breaking research between Australia and our regional neighbours,” said AARNet Director, International Steve Maddocks. This new agreement will further improve the diversity and resilience of dedicated high-performing international connectivity in the region to ensure we meet the future data transfer needs of big science, collaborative research, and transnational education.”

"ARENA-PAC is a new form of research and education network based on submarine cables in the Asia-Pacific region that was launched as a project of APIDT that is based in Brisbane, Australia. It originated from the WIDE project international connection that has been a collaboration of the International Research and Education Network in Asia Pacific for a long time. The operation of ARENA-PAC will continue to be handled by the WIDE Project, along with Asia Pacific colleagues, especially AI3, SOI ASIA, and APNIC, who have worked closely with each other.  In addition to promoting regional research and education networks, we will work with research and education networks around the world to contribute to becoming a powerful "artery" of the future Internet." Jun Murai - ARENA-PAC, WIDE Project, CCRC/Keio University.

“Our ongoing partnership with colleagues in the US and across the Asia-Pacific and Oceania regions is an affirmation of our shared commitment to developing resilient and coherent architecture for advanced networking,” said Howard Pfeffer, President and CEO of Internet2. “This coordinated effort is necessary to ensure that scholars, researchers, and students continue to collaborate with colleagues in their region and across the world. This partnership provides the secure and reliable high-speed connectivity and customized services that ultimately bolster scientific discovery and innovation.”

"KISTI has been contributing to the national research network, KREONET, as a high-performance network for basic and applied science for over 30 years since the first TCP/IP-based Internet service was introduced to Korea as the national supercomputing network in 1988. This partnership is a decisive opportunity to elevate cooperation among international research networks in the Asia-Pacific and Oceania region to the next level. We expect to accelerate global collaborative research based on large-scale data generated from large experimental facilities such as SKA and KSTAR in this region as well as mutually backing up each other for a more robust international research networking service. In addition, it is expected that global cooperation in various cutting-edge research areas, including advanced research networking technology, will take place using this as a stepping stone."

"NICT has been enhancing high-speed network testbed for research and development as well as global research activities, as a verification platform for information and communication technology (ICT) development. NICT will provide a testing environment for verifying the social and technical needs of the Beyond 5G era,” said Dr. Ibaraki Hisashi, Vice President, Member of Board of Directors, NICT. “With the expansion of collaboration to eleven networks in the Asia-Pacific and Oceania region, it is expected to further enhance collaborative R&D activities on high-speed network testbeds with research institutions around the world."

"This powerful partnership for high-speed and resilient connectivity will give lots of benefits to research and education communities in Asia-Pacific and Oceanic regions," said Prof. Shigeo Urushidani, Deputy Director General of NII. "We believe APOnet will foster more collaboration in various research areas, such as high-energy physics, seismology, astronomy, and geodesy, across the regions, and promote engineering challenges such as multi-path networking and high-performance data transfer."

“Global grand challenges — the climate crisis, our need for clean energy, public health emergencies like COVID-19, conserving our marine resources, and many others — require global scientific collaborations," said Pacific Wave Board Director and CENIC President and CEO Louis Fox. "These scientific collaborations, in turn, are supported by our shared infrastructure among Asia Pacific, Oceania, and North American R&E networks that empower our research communities.”

"Being a part of APOnet will enable uniquely pragmatic solutions between this group of NREN’s in the Asia Pacific region. With the added benefits of cost effectiveness and an increasing number of opportunities for research collaboration, it has been a positive step for New Zealand’s research, science and innovation sector to access and participate more widely in this global community," said Neil Fenemor, Manager of Technology and Architecture and Acting CEO of REANNZ. “For REANNZ and our members, this MOU reinforces that a core value of being an NREN and a member of this community is collaboration."

“Partnerships like APOnet facilitate access to global NRENs, enabling REANNZ members and the wider community to participate in and encourage multi-institutional collaboration”, said Janine Smith, MNZM REANNZ Board Chair. “REANNZ works closely with community partners to strengthen connections across the sector, at a people level and an infrastructure level. Through REANNZ and the data transfer capabilities supported by each of these networks, New Zealand has access to the world’s unique science facilities and global collaboration opportunities.”

“SingAREN is excited to work with our Asia Pacific and Oceania national research and education network partners to foster cooperation in enhancing regional and global network resilience that will facilitate collaboration among our research and education communities.”, said Professor Lawrence W. C. Wong, President of SingAREN.

"This collaboration highlights the important relationships between all of the major R&E operators in the Pacific region. The APOnet fabric of networks serves to bring the largest geographic region on the globe together as a community, further driving world-wide innovation and partnership. The spirit of collaboration and support represented by this growing fabric of networks and relationships are the hallmark of our international communities" said Garret T. Yoshimi, VP for Information Technology & CIO of University of Hawai’i.

Asia Pacific Oceania Network (APOnet) map

About the APOnet Global Research and Education Networks

ARENA-PAC is an Asia Pacific Internet Development Trust (APIDT) Infrastructure Pty Ltd project and was established in 2020. ARENA-PAC inherited the Asia Pacific networking projects formerly run by the WIDE Project, and the WIDE project now operates ARENA-PAC. The WIDE Project was established in 1987 in Japan and has been connected to the global Internet since 1989 through PACCOM Project in University of Hawaii. WIDE operated the M-Root DNS Server starting in 1997, which is now jointly operated with JPRS and APNIC. WIDE has played a steward role of the Tokyo side of IEEAF Pacific circuit in 2004-2009, and has hosted T-LEX as a GOLE of GLIF. With NAO-J, WIDE is currently hosting the PW-WIDE switch for 100Gbps TransPAC/PacificWave circuit in Tokyo, collaborating with Pacific-Wave, TransPAC, and APAN-JP. For more information, visit

AARNet, Australia’s Academic and Research Network provides advanced telecommunications services, along with an expanding range of cyber security, data and collaboration services, all designed to meet the unique and changing needs of Australia’s research and education sector.  AARNet serves over two million users at universities, research institutes, schools, vocational training providers and cultural organisations who rely on the AARNet network and services for teaching, learning, and research. For more information, visit or follow @aarnet on Twitter.

Internet2 is a non-profit, member-driven advanced technology community founded by U.S. leading higher education institutions in 1996. Internet2 delivers a diverse portfolio of technology solutions that leverages, integrates, and amplifies the strengths of its members and helps support their educational, research and community service missions. Internet2’s core infrastructure components include the largest and fastest research and education network in the U.S. that was built to deliver advanced, customized services that are accessed and secured by the community-developed trust and identity framework. For more information, visit or follow @Internet2 on Twitter.

Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information (KISTI) is providing advanced research infrastructure to contribute for the advancement of national scientific, technical, and industrial development based on the national supercomputer and national research network (KREONET/KREONet2). The mission of KREONET is developing, building, and operating world-class national research network infrastructure and application platform with applying state-of-art network technology and providing advanced network service and collaboration environment to R&D community and researcher of higher education, national research lab or institute, Korea research and development agency, governments, library, university hospital, research lab of industry etc.

National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT) is Japan’s sole National Research and Development Agency specializing in the field of information and communications technology. NICT is charged with promoting the information and communications technology's (ICT) sector as well as research and development in ICT, which drives economic growth and creates an affluent, safe, and secure society. For more information, visit and

National Institute of Informatics (NII) operates the Science Information Network (SINET), an information and communication network that connects universities and research institutions throughout Japan via nationwide connection points. It is designed to promote research and education as well as the circulation of scientific information among universities, research institutions, and similar entities. SINET is also connected to research networks, such as Internet2 in the U.S.A., GÉANT in Europe, and Asian research and education networks, to facilitate dissemination of research information and collaborations over networks. For more information, visit

Singapore Advanced Research and Education Network (SingAREN) is Singapore's national research and education network. It is the sole provider of local and international networks dedicated for serving the Research and Education community in Singapore. SingAREN’s members consist of the Institutions of Higher Learning, Research Organizations, Government and network industry players. SingAREN facilitates high-speed transfers of large datasets across international boundaries for scientific research, and enables advanced network technology demonstrations through its resilient international links and high-speed fiber network. SingAREN Open Exchange (SOE) interconnects Singapore’s research and education community to the Research and Education Networks (RENs) in other countries, including Asia, Australia, Europe and the US. SingAREN offers value-added services to Singapore’s Research and Education community, including eduroam, Singapore Access Federation (SGAF) and Database Mirroring Services.

Pacific Wave is a distributed international network peering facility for the Pacific Rim and beyond with peering points for network connections in Seattle, Sunnyvale, Palo Alto, and Los Angeles. Supporting 29 networks representing over 47 countries, Pacific Wave is a joint project between the Corporation for Education Network Initiatives in California (CENIC) and the Pacific Northwest Gigapop. Pacific Wave supports advanced services including connectivity with the Pacific Research Platform (PRP), AutoGOLE dynamic circuit provisioning, experimental inter-domain SDX collaborations, and access to 100Gbps Data Transfer Nodes (DTNs) to accelerate large data transfers over long-haul high-capacity international links. Learn more about Pacific Wave here:

REANNZ is New Zealand’s Crown-owned National Research and Education Network. REANNZ operates and supports a specialist high-performance digital network that is engineered to meet the unique demands of scientists, researchers, innovators and educators. With access to large data transfer capabilities and network tools that encourage multi-institutional collaboration, New Zealand has access to the world’s unique science facilities and global collaboration opportunities. Twitter @REANNZ

TransPAC, part of the International Networks at Indiana University (IN@IU) portfolio, is a U.S.A. National Science Foundation-funded collaboration that supports high-speed networks and their use for collaborative data sharing in science and research. In addition to supporting trans-oceanic high speed circuits, IN@IU supports direct work with end users to improve their data transfers, international networking testbeds, and the use of advanced network technologies.

University of Hawaii (UH) is Hawaii’s system of public higher education, founded in 1907, consisting of ten campuses and dozens of research facilities and community-based learning centers located across the Hawaiian Islands. Together with our regional and international partners, UH supports high-capacity research and education networks that interconnect with most of the major network operators throughout the Pacific region.

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